Determination of DNA sequences essential for FLP-mediated recombination by a novel method
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The yeast 2-micron circle plasmid encodes a protein, FLP, that mediates site-specific recombination across the two FLP-binding sites of the plasmid. We have used a novel technique, "exonuclease-treated substrate analysis," to determine the minimal duplex DNA sequence needed for this recombination event. A linear DNA containing two FLP sites in a direct orientation was treated with the double-strand specific 3'-exonuclease, exonuclease III, to generate molecules with a nested set of
... deletions that extended into one of the FLP sites. The DNA was then end-labeled at the sites of the deletions and used as a substrate for recombination in vitro. FLP-mediated recombination between two FLP sites excised a restriction endonuclease cleavage site from the DNA. Comparison of the fragments produced by restriction enzyme digestion of untreated and FLP-treated DNA showed to the nucleotide the duplex DNA sequence required for FLP-mediated recombination. To examine essential sequences in the opposite DNA strand, similar experiments were done using the 5'-exonuclease encoded by phage T7. The minimal essential duplex DNA sequence lies within the region of the FLP site that was previously shown to be protected from nuclease digestion in the presence of FLP. A modified form of this technique can be used to study the minimal sequence requirements of site-specific DNA binding proteins.