Seminal plasma anti-M�llerian hormone level correlates with semen parameters but does not predict success of testicular sperm extraction (TESE)

Taymour Mostafa, Medhat K. Amer, Guirgis Abdel-Malak, Taha Abdel Nsser, Wael Zohdy, Shedeed Ashour, Dina El-Gayar, Hosam H. Awad
2007 Asian Journal of Andrology  
Aim: To assess seminal plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level relationships in fertile and infertile males. Methods: Eighty-four male cases were studied and divided into four groups: fertile normozoospermia (n = 16), oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (n = 15), obstructive azoospermia (OA) (n = 13) and non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) (n = 40). Conventional semen analysis was done for all cases. Testicular biopsy was done with histopathology and fresh tissue examination for testicular sperm
more » ... ticular sperm extraction (TESE) in NOA cases. NOA group was subdivided according to TESE results into unsuccessful TESE (n = 19) and successful TESE (n = 21). Seminal plasma AMH was estimated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and serum follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) was estimated in NOA cases only by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Results: Mean seminal AMH was significantly higher in fertile group than in oligoasthenoteratozoospermia with significance (41.5 ± 10.9 pmol/L vs. 30.5 ± 10.3 pmol/L, P < 0.05). Seminal AMH was not detected in any OA patients. Seminal AMH was correlated positively with testicular volume (r = 0.329, P = 0.005), sperm count (r = 0.483, P = 0.007), sperm motility percent (r = 0.419, P = 0.021) and negatively with sperm abnormal forms percent (r = -0.413, P = 0.023). Nonsignificant correlation was evident with age (r = -0.155, P = 0.414) and plasma FSH ( r = -0.014, P = 0.943). In NOA cases, seminal AMH was detectable in 23/40 cases, 14 of them were successful TESE (57.5%) and was undetectable in 17/40 cases, 10 of them were unsuccessful TESE (58.2%). Conclusion: Seminal plasma AMH is an absolute testicular marker being absent in all OA cases. However, seminal AMH has a poor predictability for successful testicular sperm retrieval in NOA cases. (Asian J Androl 2007 Mar; 9: 265-270)
doi:10.1111/j.1745-7262.2007.00252.x pmid:17334594 fatcat:d5kjonac6rgqdlyhrfjn66zjx4