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Physical Review B
In order to investigate spin-charge coupling in multiferroic oxides, we measured the optical properties of BiFeO 3 . Although the direct 300 K charge gap is observed at 2.67 eV, absorption onset actually occurs at much lower energy with Fe 3+ excitations at 1.41 and 1.90 eV. Temperature and magnetic-field-induced spectral changes reveal complex interactions between on-site crystal-field and magnetic excitations in the form of magnon sidebands. We employ the sensitivity of these magnon sidebandsdoi:10.1103/physrevb.79.134425 fatcat:lonvxjfngvhtjizbb5xet7m5lu