Signal Formation Processes in Micromegas Detectors and Quality Control for large size Detector Construction for the ATLAS New Small Wheel [article]

Fabian Kuger
<span title="2017-08-09">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The Micromegas technology is one of the most successful MPGD concepts and widely utilized in nuclear and particle physics experiments. Twenty years of research and development rendered the technology sufficiently mature to be selected as precision tracking detector for the New Small Wheel (NSW) upgrade of the ATLAS Muon spectrometer. This will be the first large scale application of Micromegas in one of the major LHC experiments. The studies on signal formation in Micromegas focuses on the
more &raquo; ... scopic signal electron loss mechanisms and the amplification processes in electron gas interaction. Based on a model of detector parameter dependencies, these processes are scrutinized in an iterating comparison between exper- imental results, theory prediction of the macroscopic observables and process simulation on the microscopic level. Utilizing the specialized detectors developed in the scope of this thesis as well as refined simulation algorithms, an unprecedented level of accuracy in the process description is reached, deepening the understanding of the fundamental process in gaseous detectors. The second part is dedicated to the challenges arising with the large scale Micro- megas production for the ATLAS NSW. A selection of technological choices, are discussed alongside a final report on two production related tasks addressing the detectors core components: For the industrial production of resistive anode PCBs a detailed quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) scheme as well as the therefore required testing tools have been developed. In parallel the study on micromesh parameter optimization and production feasibility resulted in the selection of the proposed mesh by the NSW community. The successful completion of both tasks were important milestones towards the construction of large size Micromegas detectors clearing the path for NSW series production.
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