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3D FE-Informed Laboratory Soil Testing for the Design of Offshore Wind Turbine Monopiles
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering
Based on advanced 3D finite element modelling, this paper analyses the stress paths experienced by soil elements in the vicinity of a monopile foundation for offshore wind turbines subjected to cyclic loading with the aim of informing soil laboratory testing in support of monopile foundation design. It is shown that the soil elements in front of the laterally loaded monopile are subjected to complex stress variations, which gradually evolve towards steady stress cycles as the cyclic lateraldoi:10.3390/jmse9010101 fatcat:vxrtewdsnbe5hhwiqzbgbcvi6q