Effective slip lengths for immobilized superhydrophobic surfaces

Darren G. Crowdy
2017 Journal of Fluid Mechanics  
Analytical solutions are found for both longitudinal and transverse shear flow, at zero Reynolds number, over immobilized superhydrophobic surfaces comprising a periodic array of near-circular menisci penetrating into a no-slip surface and where the menisci are no longer shear-free but are taken to be no-slip zones. Explicit formulae for the associated longitudinal and transverse effective slip lengths are derived; these are then compared with analogous results for superhydrophobic surfaces of
more » ... phobic surfaces of the same characteristic geometry but where the menisci are shear-free. The new formulae give results that are consistent with recent experimental observations that have prompted suggestions that menisci that are assumed to be free of shear have in fact been immobilized. Significantly, for transverse shear flow, it is found that at critical downward meniscus protrusion angles of around $47^{\circ }$ , for many surface geometries, it is impossible to distinguish, purely from the effective slip length, between a no-shear and a no-slip boundary condition. We also find that immobilized menisci bowing into the grooves at supercritical angles just below $90^{\circ }$ can be almost twice as slippery to transverse shear as no-shear menisci. The results are relevant to recent discussion as to whether surface immobilization, due to contamination by surfactants or other physical mechanisms, is compromising drag reduction properties expected from an assumed no-shear condition.
doi:10.1017/jfm.2017.461 fatcat:zby3tgbl75f2zm67d24gmhftqy