Occurrence and predictive risk factors associated with in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation in diabetic patients: a prospective, clinical cohort study [post]

ShengGang Zhao, Jian-Jiang Xu, Li-Qin Jiang, Zhen-Liang Chu, An-Qian Tao, Lei Jin, Ji-Bo Han, Bin Zhang, Zhan-Xiong Zheng, Feng-Jie Shi, Ran Zhang, Xiang-Yu Zhang (+2 others)
2020 unpublished
Background The incidence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is significantly higher than that in patients without DM, but the mechanism is not clear. We hypothesised that patients with and risk factors including dyslipidaemia, elevated inflammatory factors would be prone to induction of ISR, and that dynamic observation of the comprehensive risk factor changes before and after PCI would be helpful to identify ISR .
more » ... l to identify ISR . Methods This prospective cohort study consecutively enrolled 360 patients who received coronary drug-eluting stent implantation. Patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and received clinical follow-up were prospectively reviewed. The patients were assigned to a DM (262) or a non-DM (98) group. The patients were further assigned according to whether ISR was present to the non-DM + non-ISR, non-DM + ISR, DM + non-ISR, and DM + ISR groups. The patients were further assigned according to whether low-density lipoprotein (LDL-c) was decreased more than 50% compared with baseline, or was less than 1.80 mmol/L in the follow-up, to the LDL-c achieved or the LDL-c failure groups. Results DM patients were prone to develop ISR after PCI and the degree of coronary stenosis was more severe than in non-DM patients. This result was more striking in DM and LDL-c failure patients. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL-c), LDL-c, apolipoprotein B100, apolipoprotein E, remnant lipoprotein, TC/HDL-c ratio and triglyceride/HDL-c ratio in the DM + non-ISR were similar to those in the DM + ISR group before PCI and CAG. .The DM + ISR group had the highest levels of haemoglobin A1c and the highest Gensini scores. The inflammatory index changes including leukocytes and neutrophils were the most striking in the DM + ISR group. In multivariate regression analysis, neutrophil changes and glycosylated haemoglobin were independent risk factors for ISR [△neutrophil, OR 1.929,95% CI 1.216–3.058; HbA1-c OR 1.559,95% CI 1.001–1.707]. Conclusion Coronary artery disease patients with DM had a high risk for ISR if they had preoperative risk factors including dyslipidaemia, elevated inflammatory factors, and a high Gensini score. Dynamic observation of the changes of the preoperative and postoperative comprehensive risk factors was helpful to identify ISR in patients with DM.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-26601/v1 fatcat:q47vb5ruzrh67beg35zynf5jhm