The visible and near infrared module of EChO [chapter]

A. Adriani, G. Bellucci, L. Gambicorti, M. Focardi, E. Oliva, M. Farina, A. M. Di Giorgio, F. Santoli, E. Pace, G. Piccioni, G. Filacchione, M. Pancrazzi (+2 others)
2014 EChO - Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory  
The Visible and Near Infrared (VNIR) is one of the modules of EChO, the Exoplanets Characterization Observatory proposed to ESA for an M-class mission. EChO is aimed to observe planets while transiting by their suns. Then the instrument had to be designed to assure a high efficiency over the whole spectral range. In fact, it has to be able to observe stars with an apparent magnitude M v =9-12 and to see contrasts of the order of 10 −4 -10 −5 necessary to reveal the characteristics of the
more » ... stics of the atmospheres of the exoplanets under investigation. VNIR is a spectrometer in a cross-dispersed configuration, covering the 0.4-2.5 μm spectral range with a resolving power of about 330 and a field of view of 2 arcsec. It is functionally split into two channels respectively working in the 0.4-1.0 μm and 1.0-2.5 μm spectral ranges. Such a solution is imposed by the fact the light at short wavelengths has to be shared with the EChO Fine Guiding System (FGS) devoted to the pointing of the stars under observation. The spectrometer makes use of a HgCdTe detector of 512 by 512 pixels, 18 μm pitch and working at a temperature of 45 K as the entire VNIR optical bench. The instrument has been interfaced to the telescope optics by two optical fibers, one per Exp Astron (2015) 40:753-769 channel, to assure an easier coupling and an easier colocation of the instrument inside the EChO optical bench.
doi:10.1007/978-94-024-0837-9_5 fatcat:u4cvetpop5esvmjkezgziugm3y