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Although recent empirical research has shown that Blacks and Hispanics are consistently overrepresented among police stops, searches, and arrests, few criminologists have attempted to provide a theoretical explanation for the disparities reported in the research literature. This article proposes a theory of individual police behavior that is grounded in socialpsychological research on stereotype formation and that assumes a nonmotivational but biased response to minority citizens by the police.doi:10.1177/0093854807304484 fatcat:jq2angv72nb5fiobomegypbxgq