Relevant and Non-Redundant Feature Selection for Cancer Classification and Subtype Detection

Pratip Rana, Phuc Thai, Thang Dinh, Preetam Ghosh
2021 Cancers  
Biologists seek to identify a small number of significant features that are important, non-redundant, and relevant from diverse omics data. For example, statistical methods such as LIMMA and DEseq distinguish differentially expressed genes between a case and control group from the transcript profile. Researchers also apply various column subset selection algorithms on genomics datasets for a similar purpose. Unfortunately, genes selected by such statistical or machine learning methods are often
more » ... highly co-regulated, making their performance inconsistent. Here, we introduce a novel feature selection algorithm that selects highly disease-related and non-redundant features from a diverse set of omics datasets. We successfully applied this algorithm to three different biological problems: (a) disease-to-normal sample classification; (b) multiclass classification of different disease samples; and (c) disease subtypes detection. Considering the classification of ROC-AUC, false-positive, and false-negative rates, our algorithm outperformed other gene selection and differential expression (DE) methods for all six types of cancer datasets from TCGA considered here for binary and multiclass classification problems. Moreover, genes picked by our algorithm improved the disease subtyping accuracy for four different cancer types over state-of-the-art methods. Hence, we posit that our proposed feature reduction method can support the community to solve various problems, including the selection of disease-specific biomarkers, precision medicine design, and disease sub-type detection.
doi:10.3390/cancers13174297 pmid:34503106 fatcat:ey6q7742zzd45bd6y7zejavmz4