IMGT/GENE-DB: genomic reference sequences for human and mouse IG and TR genes and alleles

Fatena Bellahcene, Marie-Paule Lefranc, Géraldine Folch, Joumana Jabado-Michaloud, Chantal Ginestoux, Patrice Duroux, Véronique Giudicelli
2009 Nature Precedings  
The immunoglobulin (IG) and T cell receptor (TR) major loci span about 6 Megabases (Mb) of the human genome on chromosomes 2, 7, 14 and 22, and 9 Mb in mouse on chromosomes 6, 12, 13, 14 and 16. There are seven major loci: three IG loci (IGH, IGK, IGL) and four TR loci (TRA, TRB, TRG, TRD), with a distinct repartition of the variable (V), diversity (D), joining (J) and constant (C) genes. The human genome comprises a total number of 608-665 IG and TR genes (371-422 IG and 237-243 TR), depending
more » ... on the haplotypes, per haploid genome [1, 2] of which 531-588 genes are located in the major loci (distributed in 369-418 V, 32 D, 105-109 J and 25-29 C genes). There are also 77 orphons (68 IG and 9 TR) including two processed IG genes, outside the major loci. The number of functional IG and TR genes is per haploid genome. The mouse genome comprises an approximate number of 876 IG and TR genes (624 IG and 252 TR). All these genomic data are available in the IMGT ® gene database, IMGT/GENE-DB [3]. The major contribution of IMGT/GENE-DB has been to establish, for the first time, a standardized nomenclature of the IG and TR genes and alleles of humans and other vertebrates. In April 2009, IMGT/GENE-DB manages 1999 genes and 3026 alleles.
doi:10.1038/npre.2009.3158.1 fatcat:wtm3zo33krcnpm2rgdlygz2soa