How the brain keeps the eyes still

H. S. Seung
1996 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The brain can hold the eyes still because it stores a memory of eye position. The brain's memory of horizontal eye position appears to be represented by persistent neural activity in a network known as the neural integrator, which is localized in the brainstem and cerebellum. Existing experimental data are reinterpreted as evidence for an "attractor hypothesis" that the persistent patterns of activity observed in this network form an attractive line of fixed points in its state space. Line
more » ... ctor dynamics can be produced in linear or nonlinear neural networks by learning mechanisms that precisely tune positive feedback.
doi:10.1073/pnas.93.23.13339 pmid:8917592 pmcid:PMC24094 fatcat:45v76va27zc47eh25n3o43g2oq