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Upside-Down GIS: The Future of Citizen Science and Community Participation
The Cartographic Journal
This article will focus on the changes in time, technology and data that have affected traditional partner relationships using participatory geographic information systems (PGIS). Project development roles of reliance held by the community, and managed by university agents, has shifted from cooperative to, in some cases, complete independence. The modern model of citizen participation includes a resident-planner toolkit with greater access to neighbourhood data and low-to high-tech analyticaldoi:10.1080/00087041.2016.1243863 fatcat:qh32u3bf3zb6nnjjapbmhpkdji