Predictors of Post-Discharge 30-Day Hospital Readmission in Decompensated Heart Failure Patients

Camila Sarteschi, Wayner Viera de Souza, Carolina Medeiros, Paulo Sergio Rodrigues Oliveira, Silvia Marinho Martins, Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse
2019 International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences  
Heart failure (HF) is worldwide known as a public health issue with high morbimortality. One of the issues related to the evolution of HF is the high rate of hospital readmission caused by decompensation of the clinical condition, with high costs and worsening of ventricular function. Objective: To quantify the readmission rate and identify the predictors of rehospitalization in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods: Hospital-based historic cohort of patients admitted with
more » ... ts admitted with acute decompensated HF in a private hospital from Recife/PE, from January 2008 to February 2016, followed-up for at least 30 days after discharge. Demographic and clinical data of admission, hospitalization, and clinical and late outcomes were analyzed. Logistic regression was used as a strategy to identify the predictors of independent risks. Results: 312 followed-up patients, average age 73 (± 14), 61% males, 51% NYHA Class III, and 58% ischemic etiology. Thirty-day readmission rate was 23%. Multivariate analysis identified the independent predictors ejection fraction < 40% (OR = 2.1; p = 0.009), hyponatremia (OR = 2.9; p = 0.022) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as the cause of decompensation (OR = 1.1; p = 0,026). The final model using those three variables presented reasonable discriminatory power (C-Statistics = 0.655 -HF 95%: 0.582 -0.728) and good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow p = 0.925). Conclusions: Among hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure, the rate of readmission was high. Hyponatremia, reduced ejection fraction and ACS as causes of decompensation were robust markers for the prediction of hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; 33(2):175-184)
doi:10.36660/ijcs.20180088 fatcat:wysi6rdp5feihfmi2ff5vdrb5m