Role of Piperonyl Butoxide in Growth of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Grown Under of Drought Stress

Mohamed S. Faysal
2014 Rafidain journal of science  
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻓﺩﻴﻥ،‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ 25 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ، 3 ‫ﺹ‬ ، 26 -37 ، 2014 ------26 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ PBO ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ . Triticum aestivum L ‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺠﻔﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺼل‬ ‫ﺴﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ / ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ / ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ E-mail: mohamed faisal 881@yahoo.com ) ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﹸﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻠﻡ‬ 12 / 6 / 2013 ‫؛‬ ُ ِ ‫ﻗﺒ‬ ‫ل‬ 7 / 10 / 2013 ( ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺫﺕ‬ / ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ /
more » ... ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ / ‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻭﺍﺌﻲ‬ PBO ‫ﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻨﻁﺔ‬ ) ‫ﺃﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﻑ‬ ( ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ) 0 ، 20 ، 40 ( ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻴﻜﺭﻭﻟﻴﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺴﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻴﺽ‬ . ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺭﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺴﻔﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻭﺭﻭﻓﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺫﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻴﺴﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻭﺘﺎﺴﻴﻭﻡ‬ ) 28.1 ، 31.7 ، 22.2 ، 20.5 (% ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ) ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ( ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺩﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ . ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﺨﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻼﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺍﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻼﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺠﺔ‬ ) 45.9 ، 18.8 ، 51.7 ، 39.2 (% ‫ﻨﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬ 40 ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻴﻜﺭﻭﻟﻴﺘﺭ‬ ) ‫ﻤﻘﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻊ‬ .( ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ‬ ) ‫ﺤﺒﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻕ،‬ ‫ﺠﺫﺭ،‬ ( ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﻴﺴﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺴﻔﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﻕ‬ . ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ : ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻔﺎﻑ،‬ PBO ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻨﻁﺔ‬ ، . ‫ـــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ABSTRACT The experiment was conducted in the wire house in the Department of Biology, College of Education, Mosul University according to the complete randomized design (C.R.D) to establish the synergetic effect of PBO in overcoming the negative effect caused by drought on the wheat (Ebba-95), by socking the seeds in three concentrations of PBO (0, 20, 40) microliter before culturing, and exposing the plant to two periods of drought after culturing to reveal its impact on the growth of the plant and some physiological aspects and chemical content of that plant. The result showed that drought period had a negative effect on the plant height, leaf area, dry weight of shoot, and root, deficient of water content and total chlorophyll. The second drought period caused decrease in the
doi:10.33899/rjs.2014.131366 fatcat:5xlhekly75hurnkbgcznxll4qy