Increased Association of Deamidated αA-N101D with Lens membrane of transgenic αAN101D vs. wild type αA mice: potential effects on intracellular ionic imbalance and membrane disorganization

Om Srivastava, Kiran Srivastava, Roy Joseph, Landon Wilson
<span title="2020-12-10">2020</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fk7hkiq7wzhunbmhiofsqfcny4" style="color: black;">BMC Ophthalmology</a> </i> &nbsp;
We have generated two mouse models, in one by inserting the human lens αAN101D transgene in CRYαAN101D mice, and in the other by inserting human wild-type αA-transgene in CRYαAWT mice. The CRYαAN101D mice developed cortical cataract at about 7-months of age relative to CRYαAWT mice. The objective of the study was to determine the following relative changes in the lenses of CRYαAN101D- vs. CRYαAWT mice: age-related changes with specific emphasis on protein insolubilization, relative
more &raquo; ... ciation of αAN101D vs. WTαA proteins, and changes in intracellular ionic imbalance and membrane organization. Methods Lenses of varying ages from CRYαAWT and CRYαAN101D mice were compared for an age-related protein insolubilization. The relative lens membrane-association of the αAN101D- and WTαA proteins in the two types of mice was determined by immunohistochemical-, immunogold-labeling-, and western blot analyses. The relative levels of membrane-binding of recombinant αAN101D- and WTαA proteins was determined by an in vitro assay, and the levels of intracellular Ca2+ uptake and Na, K-ATPase mRNA were determined in the cultured epithelial cells from lenses of the two types of mice. Results Compared to the lenses of CRYαAWT, the lenses of CRYαAN101D mice exhibited: (A) An increase in age-related protein insolubilization beginning at about 4-months of age. (B) A greater lens membrane-association of αAN101D- relative to WTαA protein during immunogold-labeling- and western blot analyses, including relatively a greater membrane swelling in the CRYαAN101D lenses. (C) During in vitro assay, the greater levels of binding αAN101D- relative to WTαA protein to membranes was observed. (D) The 75% lower level of Na, K-ATPase mRNA but 1.5X greater Ca2+ uptake were observed in cultured lens epithelial cells of CRYαAN101D- than those of CRYαAWT mice. Conclusions The results show that an increased lens membrane association of αAN101D-−relative WTαA protein in CRYαAN101D mice than CRYαAWT mice occurs, which causes intracellular ionic imbalance, and in turn, membrane swelling that potentially leads to cortical opacity.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01734-0">doi:10.1186/s12886-020-01734-0</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33302904">pmid:33302904</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gbglyams4rh5blgzwbv4j5v45y">fatcat:gbglyams4rh5blgzwbv4j5v45y</a> </span>
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