Discriminative Block-Diagonal Representation Learning for Image Recognition

Zheng Zhang, Yong Xu, Ling Shao, Jian Yang
2018 IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems  
Existing block-diagonal representation researches mainly focuses on casting block-diagonal regularization on training data, while only little attention is dedicated to concurrently learning both block-diagonal representations of training and test data. In this paper, we propose a discriminative block-diagonal low-rank representation (BDLRR) method for recognition. In particular, the elaborate BDLRR is formulated as a joint optimization problem of shrinking the unfavorable representation from
more » ... -block-diagonal elements and strengthening the compact block-diagonal representation under the semi-supervised framework of low-rank representation. To this end, we first impose penalty constraints on the negative representation to eliminate the correlation between different classes such that the incoherence criterion of the extra-class representation is boosted. Moreover, a constructed subspace model is developed to enhance the self-expressive power of training samples and further build the representation bridge between the training and test samples, such that the coherence of the learned intra-class representation is consistently heightened. Finally, the resulting optimization problem is solved elegantly by employing an alternative optimization strategy, and a simple recognition algorithm on the learned representation is utilized for final prediction. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method achieves superb recognition results on four face image datasets, three character datasets, and the fifteen scene multi-categories dataset. It not only shows superior potential on image recognition but also outperforms state-of-the-art methods.
doi:10.1109/tnnls.2017.2712801 pmid:28692990 fatcat:53nnhax2tvh4finsqw2tevxaaq