The Tractor and Semitrailer Routing Considering Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Hongqi Li, Yanran Li, Qiuhong Zhao, Yue Lu, Qiang Song
2013 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
The incorporation of the minimization of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the VRP is important to logistics companies. The paper deals with the tractor and semitrailer routing problem with full truckload between any two depots of the network; an integer programming model with the objective of minimizing CO2emissions per ton-kilometer is proposed. A two-stage approach with the same core steps of the simulated annealing (SA) in both stages is designed. The number of tractors is provided in the
more » ... s provided in the first stage and the CO2emissions per ton-kilometer are then optimized in the second stage. Computational experiments on small-scale randomly generated instances supported the feasibility and validity of the heuristic algorithm. To a practical-scale problem, the SA algorithm can provide advice on the number of tractors, the routes, and the location of the central depot to realize CO2emissions decrease.
doi:10.1155/2013/509160 fatcat:t7mcoenljbd73fhimhzsurncri