The possibilities of universal digital technologies for support the professional self-determination of students

Elena V. Soboleva, Vyatka State University, Nadezhda V. Shalaginova, Mariia V. Petukhova, Nadezhda V. Gavrilovskaya, Vyatka State University, Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy
2020 Perspectives of science and education  
The problem and the aim of the study. The problem that the study is aimed at is due to the need to change forms and methods of professional self-determination support for students in the digital society in order to prepare them for obtaining the specialization that is in demand and for the formation of the ability "to be able to learn" throughout the life. The authors purpose for the efficiency of career guidance in a digital school an approach that does not imply the development of a
more » ... ely new information resource, but that maximizes the spectrum of didactic capabilities of universal information technologies (spreadsheets, databases, etc.). Research methods. The analysis of fundamental scientific works on the problem of personal professionalization and the usage of information technology in planning the trajectory of career development were used to obtain theoretical generalizations. Spreadsheet processing technology is used as a universal digital technology. The study involved 109 students of the Institute of land reclamation, water management and construction named after A. N. Kostyakov and 25 undergraduates in the direction of 44.04.01 Pedagogical education (master's level) of Vyatka state University. To process the results of the pedagogical experiment, we used the analysis of arbitrary contingency tables using the Pearson χ2 (chi-square) criterion. Results. The essence of the concept of "universal digital technology" as a technology implemented with the help of modern technical means and intended for a wide range of users has been clarified. The stages of work in a software environment that supports the appropriate technology and is used in career guidance activities of a digital school are described: application of methods for diagnostics, determination of selection criteria for professions of the future, drawing up a system of tasks, etc. In the experiment the dynamics was assessed by the levels of formation of intellectual qualities, the most significant for professional self-determination of the personality, and statistically significant differences in qualitative changes, were revealed χ2obs. 2 > χ2crit.0.05 (8,9 > 5,99). In conclusion the authors generalized recommendations for educators: orientation in the proposed means; demonstration of capabilities through personal experience and for the professional tasks of specialists; monitoring a range of digital resources for career planning; comparing the needs of society with the opportunities, interests of students, etc.
doi:10.32744/pse.2020.6.32 fatcat:xyveluypfngqvihw53svnz2fwm