New Mexico Tech landmine, UXO, IED detection sensor test facility: measurements in real field soils

Jan M. H. Hendrickx, Nicole Alkov, Sung-ho Hong, Remke L. Van Dam, Jan Kleissl, Heather Shannon, John Meason, Brian Borchers, Russell S. Harmon, J. Thomas Broach, Russell S. Harmon, John H. Holloway, Jr.
2006 Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XI  
Modeling studies and experimental work have demonstrated that soil physical properties have a significant effect on most sensors for the detection of buried land mines. Where a modeling approach allows for testing the effects of a wide range of soil variables, most experimental work is limited to either field soils with poorly known properties or oversimplified conditions. With this in mind, we have constructed an outdoor test site with full control of soil water content and continuous
more » ... continuous monitoring of important soil properties and environmental conditions. In three wooden frames of 2 × 2 × 1 meter, filled with different soil types (sand, loam, and clay), we buried low-metal anti-tank and antipersonnel land mine simulants. Time domain reflectometry sensors and thermistors measure soil water content and temperature, respectively, at different depths above and below the land mines as well as in homogeneous soil away from the land mines. The test site has been in operation for two years, during which time the soils have evolved to reflect real field soil conditions. In this contribution we compare visual observations as well as ground-penetrating radar and thermal infrared measurements at this site taken immediately after construction in early 2004 with measurements taken in early 2006. ADD CONCLUSIONS
doi:10.1117/12.665644 fatcat:pdefwu7yrrcnnkhg6gqzmplala