Shewanella loihica sp. nov., isolated from iron-rich microbial mats in the Pacific Ocean

H. Gao
2006 International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology  
A novel marine bacterial strain, PV-4 T , isolated from a microbial mat located at a hydrothermal vent of Loihi Seamount in the Pacific Ocean, has been characterized. This micro-organism is orangey in colour, Gram-negative, polarly flagellated, facultatively anaerobic and psychrotolerant (temperature range, 0-42 6C). No growth was observed with nitrate, nitrite, DMSO or thiosulfate as the electron acceptor and lactate as the electron donor. The major fatty acid detected in strain PV-4 T was
more » ... C 15 : 0 . Strain PV-4 T had ubiquinones consisting mainly of Q-7 and Q-8, and possessed menaquinone MK-7. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 53?8 mol% and the genome size was about 4?5 Mbp. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed PV-4 T within the genus Shewanella. PV-4 T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity levels of 99?6 and 97?5 %, respectively, with respect to the type strains of Shewanella aquimarina and Shewanella marisflavi. DNA from strain PV-4 T showed low mean levels of relatedness to the DNAs of S. aquimarina (50?5 %) and S. marisflavi (8?5 %). On the basis of phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, the bacterium was classified in the genus Shewanella within a distinct novel species, for which the name Shewanella loihica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is
doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64354-0 pmid:16902030 fatcat:2rd2uafxcfglpkyw7xu6gvoyay