Robot-assisted stereotactic brain biopsy: systematic review and bibliometric analysis
Child's Nervous System
Introduction Stereotactic brain biopsy represents one of the earliest applications of surgical robotics. The aim of the present systematic review and bibliometric analysis was to evaluate the literature supporting robot-assisted brain biopsy and the extent to which the scientific community has accepted the technique. Methods The Cochrane and PubMed databases were searched over a 30-year period between 1st of January 1988 and 31st of December 2017. Titles and abstracts were screened to identify
... ublications that met the following criteria: (1) featured patients with brain pathology, (2) undergoing stereotactic brain biopsy, (3) reporting robot-assisted surgery, and (4) outcome data were provided. The reference lists of selected studies were also sought, and expert opinion sought to identify further eligible publications. Selected manuscripts were then reviewed, and data extracted on effectiveness and safety. The status of scientific community acceptance was determined using a progressive scholarly acceptance analysis. Results All identified studies were non-randomised, including 1 retrospective cohort study and 14 case series or reports. The diagnostic biopsy rate varied from 75 to 100%, and the average target accuracy varied from 0.9 to 4.5 mm. Use of the robot was aborted in two operations owing to geometric inaccessibility and an error in image registration but no associated adverse events were reported. A compounding progressive scholarly acceptance analysis suggested a trend towards acceptance of the technique by the scientific community. Conclusions In conclusion, robot-assisted stereotactic brain biopsy is an increasingly mainstream tool in the neurosurgical armamentarium. Further evaluation should proceed along the IDEAL framework with research databases and comparative trials.