Diagrammatic scale for blister spot in leaves of coffee tree

Loran de Oliveira Freitas Marcelo, Lemos da Silva Jhonata, Sobral de Abreu Mario, Loran de Oliveira Freitas Marcelo, Sobral de Abreu Mario
2015 African Journal of Agricultural Research  
Blister Spot is a disease transmitted through seeds. This characteristic of the disease reveals the studies of severity can offer more replies than the studies of incidence. Due to the inexistence of standardized for visual quantification of the Blister Spot's severity, the aim of this work was to build up and validate a diagrammatic scale for evaluating the severity of Blister Spot in coffee tree. Leaves in the field were collected with different intensities of symptoms disease, and
more » ... ase, and electronically determined the real severity. Based on the frequency distribution of the severity values, and according to the law of visual stimulus of Weber-Fechner, the maximum and minimum limits, and the intermediate levels of the scale were defined. The validation was realized by eight evaluators that estimated the severity in 50 leaves with different intensities of symptoms. An evaluation without the aid of the diagrammatic scale was realized, and two others with its use, having intervals of seven days. The accuracy, precision, repeatability and reproducibility of the estimate were evaluated. The developed scale shows seven 0 (0%), 1 (0.1-3%), 2 (3.1-6%), 3 (6.1-12%), 4 (12.1-25%) and5 (≥25.1%). Using the scale proposed, the evaluators presented better levels of accurancy, precision, reproducibility and repeatability in the estimate, once compared to the evaluators who did not use the diagrammatic scale. The diagrammatic scale was adjusted to aid in the visual estimate of the severity of the Blister Spot in coffee leaves
doi:10.5897/ajar2014.9465 fatcat:mm7sbqqndfd5heho2ejkeieqje