FUSEObservations of Cooling‐Flow Gas in the Galaxy Clusters A1795 and A2597
We present far-ultraviolet spectroscopy of the cores of the massive cooling flow clusters Abell 1795 and 2597 obtained with FUSE. As the intracluster gas cools through 3x10^5 K, it should emit strongly in the OVI 1032,1038 resonance lines. We report the detection of OVI 1032 emission in A2597, with a line flux of 1.35 +/- 0.35x10^-15 erg/cm2/s, as well as detection of emission from CIII 977. A marginal detection of CIII 977 emission is also reported for A1795. These observations provide
... ons provide evidence for a direct link between the hot (10^7 K) cooling flow gas and the cool (10^4 K) gas in the optical emission line fients. Assuming simple cooling flow models, the OVI line flux in A2597 corresponds to a mass deposition rate of ~40 Msun/yr within the central 36 kpc. Emission from OVI 1032 was not detected in A1795, with an upper limit of 1.5x10^-15 erg/cm2/s, corresponding to a limit on the mass cooling flow rate of Mdot(28 kpc) < 28 Msun/yr. We have considered several explanations for the lack of detection of OVI emission in A1795 and the weaker than expected flux in A2597, including extinction by dust in the outer cluster, and quenching of thermal conduction by magnetic fields. We conclude that a turbulent mixing model, with some dust extinction, could explain our OVI results while also accounting for the puzzling lack of emission by FeXVII in cluster cooling flows.