Location of quantum information in additive graph codes
Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
The location of quantum information in various subsets of the qudit carriers of an additive graph code is discussed using a collection of operators on the coding space which form what we call the information group. It represents the input information through an encoding operation constructed as an explicit quantum circuit. Partial traces of these operators down to a particular subset of carriers provide an isomorphism of a subgroup of the information group, and this gives a precise
... ion of what kinds of information they contain. All carriers are assumed to have the same dimension D, an arbitrary integer greater than 1.