AttentionAnatomy: A unified framework for whole-body organs at risk segmentation using multiple partially annotated datasets [article]

Shanlin Sun, Yang Liu, Narisu Bai, Hao Tang, Xuming Chen, Qian Huang, Yong Liu, Xiaohui Xie
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Organs-at-risk (OAR) delineation in computed tomography (CT) is an important step in Radiation Therapy (RT) planning. Recently, deep learning based methods for OAR delineation have been proposed and applied in clinical practice for separate regions of the human body (head and neck, thorax, and abdomen). However, there are few researches regarding the end-to-end whole-body OARs delineation because the existing datasets are mostly partially or incompletely annotated for such task. In this paper,
more » ... ur proposed end-to-end convolutional neural network model, called AttentionAnatomy, can be jointly trained with three partially annotated datasets, segmenting OARs from whole body. Our main contributions are: 1) an attention module implicitly guided by body region label to modulate the segmentation branch output; 2) a prediction re-calibration operation, exploiting prior information of the input images, to handle partial-annotation(HPA) problem; 3) a new hybrid loss function combining batch Dice loss and spatially balanced focal loss to alleviate the organ size imbalance problem. Experimental results of our proposed framework presented significant improvements in both Sørensen-Dice coefficient (DSC) and 95% Hausdorff distance compared to the baseline model.
arXiv:2001.04446v1 fatcat:o3lwbdbc7fg2zncmtfpngtt6oa