Endovascular Repair Reduces Early and Late Morbidity Compared to Open Surgery for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Frank R. Arko, Bradley B. Hill, Cornelius Olcott, E. John Harris, Thomas J. Fogarty, Christopher K. Zarins
2002 Journal of Endovascular Therapy  
ࡗ ࡗ Purpose: To compare systemic complications between standard surgery and endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for both primary and late secondary procedures. Methods: At a single center between July 1993 and May 2000, 297 patients (255 men; mean age 73.4 Ϯ 8.1 years, range 50-93) were treated with open surgical repair; beginning in 1996, 200 (166 men; mean age 73.6 Ϯ 8.0 years, range 45-96) patients were treated with the AneuRx stent-graft. In a comparison of the cohorts,
more » ... hich were similar in terms of age, gender, and aneurysm diameter, the main outcomes were early major systemic morbidity following the primary procedure to treat the aneurysm and late (Ͼ30 days) organ system morbidity for any secondary procedures. Results: Mean length of follow-up for open patients was 20.1 Ϯ 17.1 months (range 1-150) compared to 12.4 Ϯ 9.6 months (range 1-60) after endovascular repair (pϽ0.05). There were 36 (12.1%) systemic complications after the primary open surgery and 15 (7.5%) after endovascular repair (pϭNS). There were 43 (14.5%) combined primary and secondary morbidities in the open surgery group versus 15 (7.5%) for patients undergoing endovascular repair (pϽ0.01). The need for invasive procedures to treat these primary and secondary systemic complications was 4 times greater in the open group (17, 5.7%) than in endograft patients (3, 1.5%) (pϽ0.05). After secondary procedures (32 in the open group and 30 in the endovascular patients) for graft-related complications, there were 7 (21.9%) adverse events in the open group versus none (0%) for endograft patients (pϽ0.01). Hospital lengths of stay following both primary and secondary procedures were lower for the endograft patients (pϽ0.01 and pϽ0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Endovascular stent-graft repair compared to open surgery has reduced the early and late morbidity by half. Complications that require invasive or secondary surgical procedures and hospitalization are reduced with endovascular repair. J Endovasc Ther 2002;9:711-718
doi:10.1583/1545-1550(2002)009<0711:erreal>2.0.co;2 pmid:12546569 fatcat:kd5673jzercvlcdy66xpiylxcy