Xenotransplanted human cortical neurons reveal species-specific development and functional integration into mouse visual circuits [article]

Daniele Linaro, Ben Vermaercke, Ryohei Iwata, Arjun Ramaswamy, Brittany Davis, Leila Boubakar, Baptiste Libe-Philippot, Angeline Bilheu, Lore De Bruyne, David Gall, Klaus Conzelmann, Vincent Bonin (+1 others)
2019 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
How neural circuits develop in the human brain has remained almost impossible to study at the neuronal level. Here we investigate human cortical neuron development, plasticity and function, using a mouse/human chimera model in which xenotransplanted human cortical pyramidal neurons integrate as single cells into the mouse cortex. Combined neuronal tracing, electrophysiology, and in vivo structural and functional imaging revealed that the human neurons develop morphologically and functionally
more » ... lowing a prolonged developmental timeline, revealing the cell-intrinsic retention of juvenile properties of cortical neurons as an important mechanism underlying human brain neoteny. Following maturation, human neurons transplanted in the visual cortex display tuned responses to visual stimuli that are similar to those of mouse neurons, indicating capacity for physiological synaptic integration of human neurons in mouse cortical circuits. These findings provide new insights into human neuronal development, and open novel experimental avenues for the study of human neuronal function and diseases.
doi:10.1101/626218 fatcat:gv32kvhszbaftaybpryke5l474