Immunodominant semen proteins I: New patterns of sperm proteins related to female immune infertility

Andrea Brazdova, Martina Vermachova, Jarmila Zidkova, Zdenka Ulcova-Gallova, Gabriel Peltre
2013 Open Life Sciences  
AbstractInfertility affects approximately 10% of couples at reproductive age. Semen constituents may be potential immunogenic structures for women. The aim of our work is to detect and identify sperm proteins interacting with serum IgG antibodies from women with fertility disorders. The biochemical characterization of sperm antigens was performed using one and two dimensional gel electrophoresis, both of which were followed by immunoblotting. The IgG-binding proteins of interest were identified
more » ... est were identified using mass spectrometry. From the serum pool of 30 infertile women, we detected sperm antigens within a relative molecular mass range between 30–80 kDa with an isoelectric point of 4–7. No antigens were detected using the serum pool from 10 fertile women (control group). Heat shock proteins (HSP 70) were identified as major sperm antigens associated with female immune infertility. Additionally, we report for the first time that alpha-enolase is a significant sperm antigen from the serum pool of infertile women. We suggest that the IgG-binding proteins identified in our study are related to immune infertility in the case of certain women with abnormally high levels of IgG antibodies linked to sperm proteins. Our results might be useful in the diagnoses of female immune infertility and may provide potential targets for further therapeutic treatment.
doi:10.2478/s11535-013-0214-9 fatcat:c5khzqmax5bqrhqnqahq2ckqse