Modeling of a DC Electric Arc Furnace. Heat Transfer from the Arc

Jonas Alexis, Marco Ramirez, Gerardo Trapaga, Pär Jönsson
2000 ISIJ International  
A mathematical model describing heat and fluid flow in an electric arc has been developed and used to predict heat transfer from the arc to the steel bath in a DC Electric Arc Furnace. The arc model takes the separate contributions to the heat transfer from each involved mechanism into account, i.e. radiation, convection, condensation and energy transported by electrons. The model predicts heat transfer for different currents and arc lengths. Model predictions show that arc efficiency is higher
more » ... for lower power input. The model also predicts shear stresses and current density distribution at the steel surface. This information can be used as boundary condition input to simulate the effect of heating with electrodes in a DC EAF on the heat and fluid flow in the steel bath. Fig. 3. Radial distribution of current density (z-component) in the arc column, at different cathode distances. Arc current is 36 kA and arc length 25 cm.
doi:10.2355/isijinternational.40.1089 fatcat:62am6yndlvajpamg23mn3es5bq