Novel pathway for bacterial metabolism of bisphenol A. Rearrangements and stilbene cleavage in bisphenol A metabolism

J Spivack, T K Leib, J H Lobos
1994 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Bisphenol A (BPA) is metabolized by a Gram-negative aerobic bacterium via a novel pathway involving oxidative skeletal rearrangement of the BPA. Oxidation of the aliphatic methyl group of BPA leads to coproduction of the methyl-hyroxylated 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propanol and a skeletally rearranged triol 1,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propanol. The major route of metabolism (> 80%) is through the rearrangement. The 1,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propanol is dehydrated to
more » ... ydroxy-alpha-methylstilbene, which is rapidly cleaved by oxidation to 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 4-hydroxyacetophenone. 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde is oxidized to 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. Both 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and 4-hydroxyacetophenone are mineralized. The minor product of BPA hydroxylation, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propanol, is further oxidized to form both 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid and a skeletally rearranged tetraol, 2,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol. As is the case in the hydroxylation of BPA, the major product is skeletally rearranged. 2,3-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol is slowly transformed to 4-hydroxyphenacyl alcohol.
pmid:8125948 fatcat:kj5jwgnaz5ehpa3dfmtiweoysm