Resource optimisation in a wireless sensor network with guaranteed estimator performance

L. Shi, K.H. Johansson, R.M. Murray, A. Capponi
2010 IET Control Theory & Applications  
New control paradigms are needed for large networks of wireless sensors and actuators in order to efficiently utilise system resources. In this study, the authors consider the problem of discrete-time state estimation over a wireless sensor network. Given a tree that represents the sensor communications with the fusion centre, the authors derive the optimal estimation algorithm at the fusion centre, and provide a closedform expression for the steady-state error covariance matrix. They then
more » ... nt a tree reconfiguration algorithm that produces a sensor tree that has low overall energy consumption and guarantees a desired level of estimation quality at the fusion centre. The authors further propose a sensor tree construction and scheduling algorithm that leads to a longer network lifetime than the tree reconfiguration algorithm. Examples are provided throughout the paper to demonstrate the algorithms and theory developed. * Some preliminary results [2] of this study were presented by the same authors (excluding the second author) at the 46th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control at New Orleans, 2007.
doi:10.1049/iet-cta.2009.0104 fatcat:a2fe4hl2dnaodk64qnknons7zy