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Four experiments investigated offside decisions in laypersons with different types of static displays. Previous research neglected this group although the majority of assistant referees in soccer games at the amateur level are laypersons. The aims of our research were (a) to investigate the spatial resolution in laypersons' perception of offside situations, (b) to search for biases in laypersons' offside judgments, and (c) to develop useful displays for future research. The displays showed thedoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133687 pmid:26252653 pmcid:PMC4529197 fatcat:rt26uqx2rnduddfyjjto6yuiau