Viscoelasticity of ambient-temperature nematic binary mixtures of bent-core and rodlike molecules

P. Sathyanarayana, V. S. R. Jampani, M. Skarabot, I. Musevic, K. V. Le, H. Takezoe, S. Dhara
2012 Physical Review E  
We report measurements of the temperature variations of physical parameters in ambient-temperature nematic liquid crystal mixtures of bent-core (BC) and rodlike molecules (5CB): birefringence n; static dielectric constants || and ⊥ ; splay K 11 and bend K 33 elastic constants; rotational viscosity γ 1 ; and diffusion coefficients D || and D ⊥ of a microsphere. Both n and || decreases rapidly with increasing BC concentration, whereas ⊥ remains almost constant. At a shifted temperature (e.g., T −
more » ... perature (e.g., T − T NI = −10 • C), K 11 increases by ∼50% and K 33 decreases by ∼80% compared to pure 5CB when the BC concentration is increased to ∼43 mol % in the mixture. Viscosities parallel and perpendicular to the director, η || , η ⊥ , which are nearly equal to the Miesowicz viscosities η 2 and η 3 , respectively, were obtained by D || and D ⊥ using the Stokes-Einstein relation. Both the viscosities at room temperature increase by 60 and 50 times, respectively, whereas γ 1 increases by 180 times (at ∼43 mol %) compared to the corresponding values of pure 5CB. The stiffening of K 11 and exorbitantly large enhancement in all the viscosities at a higher mol % of BC indicate that the viscoelastic properties are highly impacted by the presence of smectic clusters of BC molecules that results from the restricted free rotation of the molecules along the bow axis in the nematic phase. A possible attachment model of smectic type clusters of BC molecules surrounding the microparticle is presented.
doi:10.1103/physreve.85.011702 pmid:22400578 fatcat:6w2lsnxzsjhmjcwqfe5ewiovvu