Currencies in Resource Theories

Lea Kraemer, Lídia del Rio
2021 Entropy  
How may we quantify the value of physical resources, such as entangled quantum states, heat baths or lasers? Existing resource theories give us partial answers; however, these rely on idealizations, like perfectly independent copies of states or exact knowledge of a quantum state. Here we introduce the general tool of "currencies" to quantify realistic descriptions of resources, applicable in experimental settings when we do not have perfect control over a physical system, when only the
more » ... en only the neighbourhood of a state or some of its properties are known, or when slight correlations cannot be ruled out. Currencies are a subset of resources chosen to quantify all the other resources—like Bell pairs in LOCC or a lifted weight in thermodynamics. We show that from very weak assumptions in the theory we can already find useful currencies that give us necessary and sufficient conditions for resource conversion, and we build up more results as we impose further structure. This work generalizes axiomatic approaches to thermodynamic entropy, work and currencies made of local copies. In particular, by applying our approach to the resource theory of unital maps, we derive operational single-shot entropies for arbitrary, non-probabilistic descriptions of resources.
doi:10.3390/e23060755 pmid:34204010 pmcid:PMC8233888 fatcat:ve4gd4z2k5fvlbcgvfioewc4t4