Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment of Mastitis (Mast) in Dairy Cows

Samuel Jawahar B, Princess Rajendran A
2021 International journal of zoological investigations  
A drop in milk output and a drop in milk quality result in financial hardship. Farmers should discard milk from cows with clinical instances of mastitis (MAST) and cows receiving anti-infective therapy according to the withdrawal period to allow the antimicrobials to exit the cow's system. MAST also alters the structure and composition of milk, resulting in lower cheddar output and a shorter period between uses of the resultant dairy product. Due to the additional time necessary to treat MAST
more » ... imals, medical and veterinary expenditures will increase, as will labour costs and dairy productivity. Veterinary government support is a matter for concern, notwithstanding the financial problems, because research reveals that MAST can be unpleasant and cause discomfort in cattle. As a result, cattle with proven clinical MAST or active subclinical MAST have a greater treatment risk. Certainly, udder medical issues are frequently referring to as one of the top three reasons for dairy cow separation. Another reason in dairy groups is low milk production, which might be linked to MAST. Harmful MAST, a severe form of the disease that causes significant aggravation and septicemia, can potentially cause cow death. The widespread use of antibiotics (ABX) raised worries about the growth of ABX-resistant bacteria, prompting the dairy industry to restrict ABX use. As a result, alternative treatments for the prevention and treatment of bovine MAST have been investigated, notably natural compounds derived from plants and animals. This study examines bovine MAST in terms of risk factors, management, and therapies, as well as developing therapeutic options for the treatment of bovine MAST.
doi:10.33745/ijzi.2021.v07i02.095 fatcat:iyg5dlgqgnejbbwainoqspsski