Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) in early mouse embryogenesis

R Spaventi, M Antica, K Pavelić
1990 Development  
Growth factors have an important role in the regulation of cell growth, division and differentiation. They are also involved in the regulation of embryonic growth and differentiation. Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) play an important part in these events in the later stages of embryogenesis, when organogenesis is completed. In this study, we are presenting evidence that insulin and IGF I are also secreted by embryonic tissues during the prepancreatic stage of mouse development.
more » ... mouse development. We found measurable amounts of insulin and IGF I in 8- to 12-day-old mouse embryos. We also showed that embryonic cells derived from 8-, 9- and 10-day-old mouse embryos secrete insulin, IGF I and/or related molecules. Furthermore, the same growth factors, when added to the culture of 9-day-old mouse embryonic cells, stimulate their proliferation. These results lead to the conclusion that insulin can stimulate the growth of embryonic cells during the period when pancreas is not yet formed, which is indirect evidence for a paracrine (or autocrine) type of action.
pmid:2187673 fatcat:omgo6thxqvh3xkd7hhauiwq6fa