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Abstract-Large parts of the titular population in Kazakhstan have a better command of Russian than of their own 'mother tongue', or they could not speak their mother tongue at all.Some Kazakhs prefer to use the Russian language in daily conversation, and do so without any pangs of guilty conscience. Some Russian-speaking Kazakhs had started sending their youngsters to Kazakh-medium schools in the hopes that the school could provide them with skills in Kazakh that they themselves lack. Thedoi:10.7763/ijiet.2016.v6.676 fatcat:jlaqbxfp2vcj5b3x4qtcaiel4u