A Reduction System for Optimal 1-Planar Graphs [article]

Franz J. Brandenburg
<span title="2016-10-27">2016</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
There is a graph reduction system so that every optimal 1-planar graph can be reduced to an irreducible extended wheel graph, provided the reductions are applied such that the given graph class is preserved. A graph is optimal 1-planar if it can be drawn in the plane with at most one crossing per edge and is optimal if it has the maximum of 4n-8 edges. We show that the reduction system is context-sensitive so that the preservation of the graph class can be granted by local conditions which can
more &raquo; ... e tested in constant time. Every optimal 1-planar graph G can be reduced to every extended wheel graph whose size is in a range from the (second) smallest one to some upper bound that depends on G. There is a reduction to the smallest extended wheel graph if G is not 5-connected, but not conversely. The reduction system has side effects and is non-deterministic and non-confluent. Nevertheless, reductions can be computed in linear time.
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