Thermal analysis of intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum

Hao-Feng Hu, Yang Ji, Yang Hu, Xiao-Yan Ding, Xian-Wen Liu, Jing-Hui Guo, Xiao-Lei Wang
2011 Chinese Physics B  
This paper numerically simulates the process of ablation of an aluminum target by an intense femtosecond laser with a fluence of 40 J/cm 2 based on the two-temperature equation, and obtains the evolution of the free electron temperature and lattice temperature over a large temporal and depth range, for the first time. By investigating the temporal evolution curves of the free electron temperature and lattice temperature at three representative depths of 0, 100 nm and 500 nm, it reveals
more » ... it reveals different characteristics and mechanisms of the free electron temperature evolution at different depths. The results show that, in the intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum, the material ablation is mainly induced by the thermal conduction of free electrons, instead of the direct absorption of the laser energy; in addition, the thermal conduction of free electrons and the coupling effect between electrons and lattice will induce the temperature of free electrons deep inside the target to experience a process from increase to decrease and finally to increase again.
doi:10.1088/1674-1056/20/4/044204 fatcat:q7d2vdbdbjaihnuohyenmgitnm