Craniofacial features of operated unilateral complete cleft lip and palate children: a case control study

Renata Cristina Suzin ROMANINI, Silvia VEDOVELLO, Ricardo RAITZ, Milena Bortolotto Felippe SILVA, José Luiz Cintra JUNQUEIRA, Luciana Butini OLIVEIRA
2014 RGO: Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia  
OBJECTIVE: To compare the craniofacial features of Brazilian children who had received surgery for unilateral complete cleft lip and palate compared with non-cleft group.METHODS: Craniofacial features were evaluated on lateral cephalometric radiographs. 46 patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate were divided by gender and matched at ages 6, 7, 8 and 9. They were compared with 46 non-cleft children, equally divided by gender and matched the same age groups. All comparisons were
more » ... comparisons were carried out by means of the Angles SNA, SNB and ANB. The findings were analyzed on the basis of the two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with p <0.05 significance level.RESULTS: Both the angle SNA and SNB in the cleft group had a lower average in both genders and all age groups compared with the non-cleft group (p<0.0001). The average values of ANB were significantly higher in the cleft group (p<0.05) both in males and females and in all age groups studied.CONCLUSION: Children who had received surgery for unilateral complete cleft lip and palate during childhood had maxillary and mandibular retrusion and a class II skeletal pattern in relation to non-cleft group.
doi:10.1590/1981-8637201400040000052902 fatcat:pgxyw5f7qnfrxhcfdtzubcnd7q