The Effect of Soybean-Derived Phytoestrogens on Concentrations of Plasma Isoflavones, 15-keto-13,14-dihydroprostaglandin F2α and Progesterone in Dairy Cows
Acta Veterinaria Brno
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of soybean-derived phytoestrogens and their metabolites on the activity of sex hormones during the oestrous cycle in multiparous lactating dairy cows. The experiment was carried out on 4 multiparous lactating Holstein cows in the form of replicated Latin square in double reversal design. The experiment in the total length of 168 days was divided into 4 periods of 42 days, each consisting of a 21-day preliminary period and a 21-day
... period. Cows were divided into 2 groups of 2 cows. The control group (C) was fed a diet based on extruded rapeseed cake while the experimental group (S) was fed a diet containing extruded full-fat soya. The intake of total isoflavones was 3297 mg/d in S and 58.0 mg/d in C (P < 0.001). The concentrations of individual isoflavones, it is daidzein, genistein and equol in plasma were significantly higher in the experimental group S (49.3, 78.7 and 218.8 ng/ml, respectively) than in the control group C (13.5, 42.9 and 18.3 ng/ml, respectively, P < 0.001). Plasma concentration of progesterone throughout the oestrous cycle was not influenced by the diet used (P > 0.05). Plasma concentration of prostaglandine PGFM throughout the oestrous cycle in the experimental group (S) tended to be higher (P = 0.095) than in the control group (C). No differences in the length of the oestrous cycle between the cows fed different diets were observed. Isoflavones, prostaglandins, bovine, oestrous cycle ACTA VET.