Body surface area-based versus concentration-based intraperitoneal perioperative chemotherapy in a rat model of colorectal peritoneal surface malignancy: pharmacologic guidance towards standardization
Worldwide, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal perioperative chemotherapy (HIPEC) are used in current clinical practice for colorectal peritoneal surface malignancy (PSM) treatment. Although, there is an acknowledged standardization regarding the CRS, we are still lacking a much-needed standardization amongst the various intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy protocols, including the HIPEC dosing regimen. We should rely on pharmacologic evidence building towards such a
... owards such a standardization. The current IP chemotherapy dosing regimens can be divided into body surface area (BSA)-based and concentrationbased protocols. A preclinical animal study was designed to evaluate pharmacologic advantage (PA), efficacy and survival. WAG/Rij rats were IP injected with the rat colonic carcinoma cell line CC-531. Animals were randomized into three groups: CRS alone or CRS combined with oxaliplatin-based HIPEC (either BSA-or concentrationbased). There was no difference in PA between the two groups (p=0.283). Platinum concentration in the tumor nodule was significantly higher in the concentrationbased group (p<0.001). Median survival did not differ between the treatment groups (p<0.250). This preclinical study, in contrast to previous thinking, clearly demonstrates that the PA does not provide any information about the true efficacy of the drug and emphasizes the importance of the tumor nodule as pharmacologic endpoint.