Original Article Catalpol protects mice against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury via suppressing PI3K/Akt-eNOS signaling and inflammation

Jili Zhu, Xinghua Chen, Huiming Wang, Qi Yan
2015 Int J Clin Exp Med   unpublished
Renal ischemia/reperfusion-injury (IRI) is a common disease in clinic, which is also the most common cause of acute kidney failure. Previous investigations has illustrated that catalpol has neuroprotective, anti-inflam-matory, and anti-hepatitis virus effects. This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of catalpol on renal IRI mice through suppressing phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt)-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and against inflammation,
more » ... st inflammation, and the possible underlying mechanism. Firstly, we used renal IRI model to analyze blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels in renal IRI mice. Next, real-time PCR and western blotting were used to detect the expression of KIM-1 and the expression of PI3K, Akt and eNOS levels in renal IRI, respectively. In addition, activities of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in renal IRI mice were measured with respective TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 ELISA kits. Our results showed that catalpol clearly reduced blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine levels and the expression of KIM-1 in renal IRI mice. Meanwhile, we found that catalpol markedly reduced the expression of PI3K, Akt and eNOS levels in renal IRI group. Suppressing of the PI3K/Akt-eNOS and the TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 activities was involved in the protective effect of catalpol on renal IRI. Collectively, catalpol protected renal IRI via inhibiting PI3K/Akt-eNOS signaling and inflammatory responses.