Methods for analyzing signal characteristics of stable and unstable rotors in a realistic heart model

Markus Rottmann, Laura Unger, Wenzel Kaltenbacher, Gunnar Seemann, Axel Loewe, Martin W Krueger, Amir S Jadidi, Thomas Arentz, Olaf Doessel
2015 2015 Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC)  
Atrial fibrillation is a common irregular heart rhythm. Until today there is still a need for research to quantify typical signal characteristics of rotors, which can induce atrial fibrillation. In this work, signal characteristics of a stable and a more unstable rotor in a realistic heart model including fiber orientation were analyzed with the following methods: peak-to-peak amplitude, Hilbert phase, approximate entropy and RS-difference. In this simulation model the stable rotor rotated with
more » ... a cycle length of 145 ms and stayed in an area of 1.5 mm x 3 mm. Another more unstable rotor with a cycle length of 190 ms moved in an area of 10 mm x 4 mm. In a distance of 2 mm to the rotor tip, the peak-to-peak amplitude decreased significantly, whereas the RS-difference and the approximate entropy were maximal. The rotor center trajectories were detected by phase singularity points determined by the Hilbert transform. We showed that more unstable rotors resulted in more amplitude changes over time and also the cycle length differed more. Furthermore, we presented typical activation time patterns of the Lasso catheter centered at the rotor tip and in different distances to the rotor tip. We suggest that cardiologists use a combination of the described methods to determine a rotor tip position in a more robust manner. R was the amplitude of the positive peak and S symbolized the negative peak of an unipolar signal. The peak-to-peak amplitude was defined as |R| + |S|. (4)
doi:10.1109/cic.2015.7410953 dblp:conf/cinc/RottmannULSKAJA15 fatcat:nwzo4iuuyfa6riu7amlcztchfu