International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION IN GHANA: A CASE STUDY OF ACCRA METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY (AMA) AND ZOOMLION COMPANY LTD (ZL)
The United Nations Millennium Declaration spelt out eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) aimed at transforming the face of global development cooperation. In September 2000, Ghana committed herself to tracking these eight time-bound MDG's and associated indicators. Since its adoption, Ghana has mainstreamed the MDGs into the country's successive medium term national development policy framework, the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS1), the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS2)
... on Strategy (GPRS2) and the Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda (GSGDA). The GSGDA is anchored on seven main themes that include enhanced competitiveness of the private sector. This paper sought to capture Ghana's progress towards the attainment of the seventh goal, target 7C, sustainable access to basic sanitation. In the light of this, the study sought to ascertain the impact of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) on waste management and sanitation in enhancing environmental sustainability in the urban areas. The methodology adopted in the study was desktop reviews of policy documents of the government of Ghana and MDG reports. The main sources of data for the analysis were largely qualitative in nature. In terms of the instrument, the study employed a purposive sampling face to face interview approach, using unstructured interview guides targeted at employees of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) and Zoomlion (ZL), a private company that offers International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, United Kingdom Licensed under Creative Common Page 777 environmental sanitation services and customers that benefited from the provision such services. The study revealed that the partnership between the AMA and ZL, to a large extent, have met the set targets with regards to the coverage area, improved sanitation facilities, the frequency of collection of waste and the charges paid by customers as set out in the partnership agreement. However, critical challenges such as rapid urbanization, population pressure, low level of investment in sanitation delivery and fast unplanned expansion of cities pose major challenges for the full attainment of this partnership agreement.