Utilization of Local Available Materials to Stabilize Native Soil (Earth Roads) in Tanzania—Case Study Ngara

Fikiri Fredrick Magafu, Wu Li
2010 Engineering  
The native soil behavior of unpaved low volume roads and their mode of failure were studied to establish proper method of stabilizing native soils using local available materials. The use of lime and its positive effect to modify and stabilize Ngara soil in Tanzania is presented in this paper. There are many methods of stabilizing soil to gain required engineering specifications. These methods range from mechanical to chemical stabilization. Most of these methods are relatively expensive to be
more » ... ly expensive to be implemeted by slowly developing nations and the best way is to use locally available materials with relatively cheap costs affordable by their internal funds. Tanzania is a country having abundantly amount of Lime. Ngara native soil roads (unpaved rural roads) was studied under preliminary investigation and found to have higher plasticity, tendency of swelling and shrinking, low bearing capacity when wet, compressive strength of soil to have higher sensitivity to moisture and lower shear strength when wet. These soil behaviors deny road access to about 32 million people in Tanzania (80% of population) during rainy season. The detailed investigations is still going on at China university of Geosciences but other results from similar researches show that Ngara soils can be stabilized by lime and gain the required engineering properties.
doi:10.4236/eng.2010.27068 fatcat:bssjfdzgpbbvfpspriry7nofl4