H. Goswami, S. Kakati
2021 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Background:Serum calprotectin, also known as MRP8/14 or S100A8/A9, has gained attention in recent years as a candidate biomarker in inflammatory diseases like SLE.1 Proteins of the complement pathway (serum C3 and C4) are linked to the pathogenesis of SLE and their levels have been measured as a means to assess the disease activity.2Objectives:[1]To study the relation of serum complement and serum calprotectin levels to disease activity in SLE[2]To study the relation between serum complement
more » ... serum complement and serum calprotectin level in SLEMethods:Our study was a hospital based observational study conducted in a tertiary care centre in North-East India during the period of June 2019 to May 2020. A total of 102 patients of SLE were taken up for the study. Disease activity was assessed using SLEDAI-2K scores and serum calprotectin level was measured by ELISA. Serum C3 level was assessed by Nephelometric and C4 level by Turbidimetric immunoassay. The statistical significance was fixed at 5% level of significance (p<0.05) for all analysis.Results:Our study found a predominantly female population (Female: Male ratio 24.5: 1) with majority of the patients (49.02%) in the 30-39 years age group. Higher calprotectin levels were seen in patients with higher disease activity (SLEDAI) and this relation was statistically significant (r=0.84, p<0.001). There was significant negative correlation between disease activity (SLEDAI) and serum C3 (r=-0.35, p<0.001) and serum C4 (r=-0.4, p<0.001) level. There was a significant negative correlation between complement levels and serum calprotectin levels (r=-0.53, p<0.001).Conclusion:We found a significant positive correlation between serum calprotectin level and disease activity with a significant negative correlation between complement level and disease activity in SLE patients. There was a significant negative correlation between serum complement and serum calprotectin levels. These findings suggest serum calprotectin levels could be a substantial addition in the existing diagnostic array of tools in assessing lupus disease activity.References:[1]García-Arias M, Pascual-Salcedo D, Ramiro S, Ueberschlag ME, Jermann TM, Cara C, et al. Calprotectin in rheumatoid arthritis: Association with disease activity in a cross-sectional and a longitudinal cohort. Mol Diagnosis Ther. 2013;17(1):49–56.[2]Walport MJ. Complement and systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Res. 2002;4(Suppl 3):S279-293.Disclosure of Interests:None declared
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-eular.3531 fatcat:maval7ouknhtfpfomd5knedlj4