Lattice instabilities in bulk EuTiO3
Physical Review B
The phase purity and the lattice dynamics in bulk EuTiO3 were investigated both microscopically, using X-ray and neutron diffraction, 151-Eu-M\"ossbauer spectroscopy, and 151-Eu nuclear inelastic scattering, and macroscopically using calorimetry, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, and magnetometry. Furthermore, our investigations were corroborated by ab initio theoretical studies. The perovskite symmetry, Pm-3m, is unstable at the M- and R- points of the Brillouin zone. The lattice instabilities
... ttice instabilities are lifted when the structure relaxes in one of the symmetries: I4/mcm, Imma, R-3c with relative relaxation energy around -25 meV. Intimate phase analysis confirmed phase purity of our ceramics. A prominent peak in the Eu specific density of phonon states at 11.5 meV can be modelled in all candidate symmetries. A stiffening on heating around room temperature is indicative of a phase transition similar to the one observed in SrTiO3, however, although previous studies reported the structural phase transition to tetragonal I4/mcm phase our detailed sample purity analysis and thorough structural studies using complementary techniques did not confirm a direct phase transition. Instead, in the same temperature range, Eu delocalization is observed which might explain the lattice dynamical instabilities.