Competency-Based Education and Core Competencies in Higher Education

Seung Nam Son, In Yung Kim, Ha Suk Song, Jae Seon Lee, YeJung Choi
2021 The Korean Association of General Education  
1 제1저자, 순천대학교 교수, snson@scnu.ac.kr 2 교신저자, 위덕대학교 교수, iykim@uu.ac.kr 3 공동저자, 아주대학교 교수, hasong@ajou.ac.kr 4 공동저자, 서울여자대학교 교수, byeolga@swu.ac.kr 5 공동저자, 호서대학교 교수, yjchoi@hoseo.edu 초록 이 글의 목적은 2021년 대학기본역량진단을 앞두고 대학교육의 화두가 되고 있는 핵심역량과 역량기 반 교육의 본질에 대한 비판적 성찰을 하기 위한 것이다. 논의의 초점을 핵심역량 제고를 위한 교양교육과 정의 편성과 운영에 두고 교양교육 전문가 5인의 집단토론과 주제에 대한 분석, 해석, 비판, 종합을 시도하였다. 토론의 중심의제로 삼았던 내용은 역량과 핵심역량 개념의 의미, 역량기반 교육의 사회적, 경제적, 교육적 배경과 맥락, 대학교육에서 역량기반 교육과정의 설계와 개발, 대학 교양교육에서 역량기 반 교육과정의 수용가능성, 대학 교양교육 목표에 부합하는
more » ... 교양교육 목표에 부합하는 핵심역량기반 교양교육 실현 방안 등이었다. Abstract The purpose of this article is to critically reflect on the nature of core competencies and competency-based education, a hot topic among universities due to the upcoming nationwide evaluation of universities in 2021 called the University Basic Competency Diagnosis. Five experts focused on the organization and operation of the liberal arts curriculum, which was designed to enhance core competencies, and conducted a group discussion. The main agendas of the group discussion were the concept of core competencies, the context of competency-based education, the design of competency-based curriculum in higher education, and possibilities of competency-based education in university liberal education. This study makes clear the limitations and possibilities inherent in the competency discourse that affect university education. The emphasis on competencies in university education reflects the reality that universities are not free from state and market forces within a neoliberal market economy. Nevertheless, it is possible to establish an appropriate relationship between core competencies and liberal education. Core competencies should be established in relation to the overall framework of university education and consist of sub-elements that represent its features. For a successful adoption of competency-based education in liberal education, evaluation of the learning outcomes based on the liberal education, mapping of the curriculum and liberal subjects based on basic studies(Grundwissenschaft) are recommendable. There is a need for a quality management system that connects educational goals and educational evaluation. We propose that despite how incompatible the concepts of competency education and liberal education appear to be, the more faithful we are to the spirit of liberal education, which cultivates general competence, the more synergy it will bring to the development of competencies of universities and its members.
doi:10.46392/kjge.2021.15.1.11 fatcat:5nrfuq2xyfcntkmyjd4f2ooode